Analyses of Flavor Qualities of Vegetable Oils by Gas Chromatography

가스크로마토그래피에 의한 식물성 기름의 향미품질의 분석

  • Published : 1985.10.30


Soybean, hydrogenated soybean and corn oils, which were exposed to fluorescent light for different periods of time, were evaluated for sensory qualities by subjective sensory evaluation and instrumental gas chromatographic analysis. Sensory evaluation was conducted in 8 laboratories using a 10-point hedonic scale with a total of 95 panel members. The correlation coefficients between sensory scores and predicted sensory scores by gas chromatographic analysis for the 8 laboratories varied from 0.10 to 0.99. However, most laboratories had better than 0.90, which was considered excellent. The correlation coefficients between sensory scores of the 95 panel members and predicted sensory scores using the amount of 2. 4-decadienal isomers in oil determined by a gas chromatographic method for soybean, hydrogenated soybean, and corn oils, were r=0.96, r=0.97, and r=0.97, respectively. The correlation study suggests that it is possible to obtain realistic results of oil flavor qualities from the instrumental evaluation by combining improved gas chromatographic analysis, sensory evaluation, and statistical analysis for practical purposes.