Nutritional and Biochemical Studies on the Pollen Loads -2. Amino Acid Composition of Sunflower Pollen Load and Its Effects on the Hepatic Alcohol Dehydrogenase(ADH) Activity in Rat-

화분립(花紛粒)의 영양생화학적(營養生化學的) 연구(硏究) -2. 해바라기 화분립(花紛粒)의 아미노산조성(産組成)과 RAT 간(肝) Alcoholdehydrogenase 활성(活性)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Yoon, Soo-Hong (Dept. of Pharmacy, Hyosung Women's University) ;
  • Ahn, Jyung-Im (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Yeungnam Junior College of Technology) ;
  • Kwon, Jung-Sook (Dept. of Home Economics, Andong National College)
  • 윤수홍 (효성여자대학교 약학과) ;
  • 안정임 (영남공업전문대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 권정숙 (안동대학 가정학과)
  • Published : 1985.03.20

Abstract

For the purpose of investigating the influence of pollen load un alcohol metabolism in rat, we analyzed quantitatively amino acids of pollen load, and investigated the changes of hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) activity and hepatocyte morphology in rat administrated various concentrations of alcohol and various amounts of pollen load. 18 species of amino acids including phenylalanine in the sunflower pollen load were quantitatively analyzed, and it was found that the amount of phenylalanine, leucine, threonine, lysine are especially higher than that of the other amino acids. The liver ADH activity of experimental animals decreased with the proportion of ethanol concentration much more in ethanol administrated group than in control group, while increased in pollen load mixed with ethanol administrated group, but didn't increased as much as that in control group. In any case the less the degree of ethanol concentration was administrated, the higher the liver ADH activity increased. There was fat infiltration in the hepatocyte of ethanol administrated animals, and remarkably little fat infiltration in that of animals administrated pollen load mixed with ethanol.

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