Studies on the Lipids of Shiitake Mushroom, Lentinus edodes

표고버섯의 지질(脂質)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

  • Tsuyuki, Hideo (Department of Food Technology, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Nihon University)
  • 로목영남 (일본대학 농수의학부 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1985.11.21

Abstract

The properties of lipids in cap and stalk of 'Koshin' (Shiitake, Lentinus edodes, withxpanded cap) were studied. It was also carried out that the characteristics of lipids in fresh 'Donko'(unexpanded cap) and the changes of lipids in those samples by various drying process. The total lipid (TL) content in the cap and stalk of 'Koshin' were 4.58% and 2.65% respectively. It was found that the contents of neutral lipids (NL, $46.7{\sim}48.8%$) and phospholipids (PL, $42.0{\sim}43.8%$) were high, while that of glycolipids(GL, $9.2{\sim}9.5%$) was low. The main lipid in NL was triacylglycerol (TG, $58.0{\sim}58.5%$) followed by sterolester (SE, $16.9{\sim}17.4%$), sterol (ST, $15.6{\sim}16.4%$), diacylglycerol (DG, $5.8{\sim}6.0%$) and monoacylglcerol (MG, $1.1{\sim}1.3%$). The main lipids in PL was phosphatidyl ethanolamine (PE, $58.3{\sim}6.02%$) followed by phosphatidyl choline (PC, $17.3{\sim}19.5%$), cardiolipin (CA, $12.8{\sim}14.0%$) and lyso-phophatidyl choline (LPD, $4.8{\sim}6.6%$). Fatty acid composition was significantly different among TL, NL, GL and PL contained in cap and stalk. The main fatty acids was $C_{18:2}$ followed by $C_{16:0}$ and $C_{18:1}$ acids. The TL contents in cap and stalk of fresh 'Donko' were 3.7% and 2.5%. The changes of TL contents, PoV by drying were not almost observed. AV(acid value) of TL in the sun dried samples was a little lower than those of the fresh and hot air dried samples, on the contrary NL content in TL of the former was a little higher than those of the latters. The main lipid in NL of the three samples was TG followed by SE, ST, DG, MG and free fatty acid (FFA). In the above lipids, FFA contents in NL of the sun dried sample was a little higher than those of the fresh and hot air dried samples, but TG content in NL of former was a little lower than those of the latters. The main lipid in GL of the three samples was digalactosydiglycerol (DGDG) followed by acylsterylglucoside(ASG), sterylglucoside (SG), monogalactosyldiglycerol (MGD) and cerebroside (CER). Influence of drying on these lipid content were nol almost recognized. The main lipid in PL of the three samples was PE followed by PC, CA, LPC and phosphat idyl serine (PS). In the above lipids, PE and PC contents in PL of the sun dried one were a little lower than those of the fresh and hot air dried ones. The main fatty acid in TL, NL, GL and PL of the three samples was $C_{18:2}$ followed by $C_{16:0},\;C_{18:1}$. The $C_{18:2}$ acid contents of the sun dried sample was a little lower than those of the fresh and hot air dried ones, while $C_{16:0}$ content of the former was a little higher than those of the former was a little lower than those of the latters.

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