Studies on Surface Treatment of Kaolin Filler (Part 3) - Interaction between Surface Modified Filler and Rubber Matrix and Characterization of Reinforcement Effects of Filler -

Kaolin충전제(充塡劑) 표면처리(表面處理)에 관(關)한 硏究(연구) (제3보(第3報)) - 첨가(添加)된 충전제充塡劑)와 고무Matrix와의 Interaction 및 충전제(充塡劑) 보강효과(補强效果)의 특성화(特性化) -

  • Kwon, Dong-Yong (Examination Bureau III, the Office of Patents Administration) ;
  • Hong, Sung-Il (Department of Textile Engineering, College of Engineering, Seoul National University)
  • 권동용 (특허청 심사3국) ;
  • 홍성일 (서울대학교 공과대학 섬유공학과)
  • Published : 1985.03.31


Elastomer-filler interaction in terms of characterization of filler effects was studied using natural rubber(NR) loaded with kaolin fillers modified with sodium polyphosphate and poly(maleic anhydride), respectively. Kaolins modified with sodium polyphosphate or poly(maleic anhydride) show adhering characteristics by Kraus plot. Reinforcement activity according to Cunneen-Russell method is given by those fillers, in which sodium polyphosphate-treated kaolin presents more favorable results than that treated with poly(maleic anhydride) with respect to adhesion constant, reinforcement extent, elastic constant, and crosslink density. When applied to Blanchard's linkage reinforcement theory, NR vulcanizates loaded with kaolin modified with sodium polyphosphate meet the requirements for both approximate linkage reinforcement(${\psi}'$) of 1.02 to 4.94 and accurate linkage reinforcement($\psi$) of 1.00 to 1.18, representing the values of effective wetting($C_{\psi}$) for 0.001 to 0.029 and intrinsic linkage reinforcement(${\psi}_0$) for 1.015 to 1.124, respectively, whille negligible linkage reinforcement is shown by NR vulcanizates loaded with kaolin treated with poly(maleic anhydride). Dynamic storage modulus(G') given by surface modified kaolins presents more favorable crosslink density rates of $2.260{\times}10^{-5}\;mole/cm^3-min$. for sodium polyphosphate treated kaolin and $1.305{\times}10^{-5}\;mole/cm^3-min$. for poly(maleic anhydride) treated kaolin, respectively, compared to untreated kaolin showing the rate of $1.033{\times}10^{-5}\;mole/cm^3-min$.