- Volume 18 Issue 1
The fatty acid composition of lipids extracted from 18 kinds of salted and fermented sea foods which have been consumed in Korea were examined. The lipid contents of salted and fermented sea foods showed wide difference (0.8-11.9%) depending on species and portions of raw materials. In fatty acid composition of salted and fermented sea foods prepared with whole fishes, the saturated fatty acid was the most predominant component, and the major fatty acids were 16:0, 18:1, 22:6, 16:1 and 20:5. In case of salted and fermented products prepared with gills, roe or intestines, the polyenoic fatty acid was the main component, the major fatty acids were 18:1, 16:0, 22:6, 20:5, 16:1 and 18:3. In these products the composition ratios of 20:5 and 18:3 were higher, and that of 16:0 and 16:1 were slightly lower as compared with salted and fermented whole fish products. And in case of salted and fermented crustacea and mollusk, the polyenoic fatty acids such a 22:6 and 20:5 were the most predominant component, the abundant fatty acids were 22:6, 16:0, 20:5, 18:1 and 16:1. Judging from results, salted and fermented sea foods were abundant of the highly unsaturated fatty acids such as 20:5, 22:6 inspite of the long fermentation periods.