Assessment of Total Dietary Intake of Some Heavy Metals from Common Restaurant Meals in Seoul Area

서울시내 대중식사(大衆食事)로 부터 중금속의 총섭취량(總攝取量) 평가(評價)

  • Song, Mi-Ran (Department of Food & Nutrition, Ewha Woman's University) ;
  • Lee, Su-Rae (Department of Food & Nutrition, Ewha Woman's University)
  • 송미란 (이화여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이서래 (이화여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1986.12.01


This study was conducted to investigate the contamination level of some heavy metals for common restaurant meals in Seoul area and further to estimate the total dietary intake of heavy metals from the meals. The samples included seolong-tang (beef and rice soup) or galbi-tang (beef-rib soup), yeukkye-jang (spicy beef soup), doenjang-chigye-bab (boiled rice with soy paste stew), bibim-bab (boiled rice with assorted mixtures), and bibim-naengmyon (buckwheat vermicelli with assorted mixtures), which were separated into drained residues and fluids and determined for their heavy metal contents by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The average concentrations of heavy metals in drained residues and fluids of 105 meal samples were 0.034 ppm, 0.017 ppm in Cd, 0.179 ppm, 0.073 ppm in Pb, 0.491 ppm, 0.308 ppm in Cu and 4.624 ppm, 1.403 ppm in Zn, respectively. The total amount of heavy metals per meal was $28\;{\mu}g\;Cd$, $145\;{\mu}g\;Pb$, $416\;{\mu}g\;Cu$ and $3654\;{\mu}g\;Zn$. The total dietary intake per day was estimated to give $84\;{\mu}g\;Cd$, $434\;{\mu}g\;Pb$, $1247\;{\mu}g\;Cu$ and $10960\;{\mu}g\;Zn$. Intake levels of Cd and Pb were higher than the daily intake limit established by FAO/WHO.