Studies on the Formation of L-Threonine by auxotrophic mutants of Brevibacterium flavum

Brevibacterium Flavum의 Auxotrophic Mutants에 의한 L-Threonine 생성(生成)에 관한 연구(硏究)

  • 이갑랑 (영남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박동철 (영남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1987.11.30


This study was attempted to increase the production of L-Threonine by Brevibacterium Flavum ATCC 14067, To select the strain which produce the highest threonine, mutants ere induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine treatment. The composition of media and cultural condition for its overproduction of threonine were also studied. In a threonine producer, strain B-13(Met-) was the strain producing the highest amount of threonige among methionine, lysine and isoleucine auxotrophs. The following results were obtained. 1. The wild strain and B-13(Met-) produced threonine 1.4mg/ml and 4.86mg/ml , respectively. 2. The optimum composition of medium for producing threonine by Brevibacterium Flavum B-13 was glucose 10%, ammonium sulfate 4%, potassium phosphate monobasic 0.2%, magnesium sulfate 0.05%, biotin $200{\mu}l$, thiamine $300{\mu}l$. Addition of nicotinic acid also led to increase L-threonine production. 3. In addition of organic nutrients to the fermentation medium, peptone n'ere effective and addition of methionine $100{\mu}g/ml$ produced the highest amount of L-Threonine. Aspartic acid and homoserine were also effective when these amino acid were added to the fermentstion medium. 4. Cultural conditon on threonine production by B-16 were investigated. The optimum pH was 7.0-8.0. The highest amount of threnine was produced after 4 days of cultural period.