Comparative Studies on the Lipid Composition in Varieties of Dent Corn

마치종(馬齒種)옥수수의 품종별(品種別) 지질조성(脂質組成)의 비교(比較)

  • Ahn, Doo-Hee (Department of Food and Nutrition, National Gyeongsang University) ;
  • Ha, Bong-Seuk (Department of Food and Nutrition, National Gyeongsang University)
  • 안두희 (경상대학교 자연과학대학) ;
  • 하봉석 (경상대학교 자연과학대학)
  • Published : 1987.11.30

Abstract

This study dealt with the comparison of the individual lipid component and fatty acid composition in the six varieties of dent corn, Zea mays Indentata. The fatty acid and sterol compositions of the total lipid were analyzed by gas liquid chromatography. The total lipid was also fractionated into three lipid classes namely neutral, glyco and phospolipid by the methods of silicic acid column chromatography. The lipid componets of lipid-classes were estimated by thin layer chromatography and TLC-scanner. The contents of total lipid in six varieties of Cdent corn were $3.7{\sim}5.3%$. Total lipid were mainly Composed of triglyceride$(69.8{\sim}75.7%)$ free fatty acid$(13.0{\sim}17.9%)$, lanosterol$(4.8{\sim}6.0%)$. hydrocarbon & esterified sterol$(3.5{\sim}6.0%)$, and polar lipid & pigment$(2.7{\sim}5.9%)$. The contents of triglycerde in $Chech'{\breve{o}}nok$ and Hwangok No.3 were slightly higher then other varieties. The major fatty acid In total lipid from six varieties of dent corn were chiefly consisted of linoleic$(46.0{\sim}61.4%)$, oleic$(21.9{\sim}29.9%)$ and palmitic acid$(10.9{\sim}16.7%)$. Particularly the content of linoleic acid in $Chech'{\breve{o}}nok$ was higher but oleic and palmitic acid in $Chech'{\breve{o}}nok$ were less than other varieties. The compositions of 4-desmethylsterol were mainly composed of siterol $(44.0{\sim}63.2%)$, campestetel$(11.6{\sim}15.5%)$ and stigmasterol$(5.6{\sim}9.1%)$. The content of sitosterol in Chinjuok was higher than other varieties and isofucosterol was detected only in Chinjuok. The compositions of 4-monomethlysterol were mainly composed of obtusifoliol$(17.7{\sim}37.6%)$, gramisterol$(15.0{\sim}27.0%)$ and citrostadienol$(9.1{\sim}17.3%)$. The contents of obtusifoliol and citrostadienol in Kwangok and Chinjuok were less than other varieties. The contents of fractionated neural lipid in Suwon No.19. Kwangok, $Hoengs{\breve{o}}ngok$ and Chinjuok$(90.3{\sim}97.1%)$ were higher than those of $Chech'{\breve{o}}nok$ and Hwangok No.3$(85.5{\sim}86.1%)$. Neutral lipid were mainly composed of triglyceride$(24.7{\sim}80.0%)$, lanosterol$(6.2{\sim}20.2%)$, Cholesterol$(1.0{\sim}50.6%)$, free fatty acid$(4.4{\sim}8.9%)$ and esterified sterol$(1.5{\sim}15.9%)$. The major fatty acid in neutral lipid from six varieties of dent corn were chiefly consisted of linoleic$(26.2{\sim}55.4%)$ oleic$(22.7{\sim}39.1%)$ and palmitic acid$(11.4{\sim}41.6%)$. Particularly the contents of linoleic acid Suwon No.19 and $Chech'{\breve{o}}nok$ were higher but palmtic acid in Suwon No.19 and $Chech'{\breve{o}}nok$ were less tan other varieties. Glycolipd were mainly composed of nlonoglycosflsterol $(17.5{\sim}56.4%)$, monoglycosylce-ramide $(8.2{\sim}25.9%)$ and monoglycoslydiacylglycerol$(12.4{\sim}22.2%)$. The contents of mono-g1ycosrlceramide and monoglycosrlsterol in Chinjuok. Were higher than other varieties. The major fatty acid in glycolipid from six varieties of dent corn were chiefly consisted$(14.6{\sim}39.3%)$, palmitic$(20.0{\sim}26.1%)$, linoleic$(3.6{\sim}26.9%)$ and heptadecanoic acid $(3.3{\sim}24.7%)$. Particutarly the cantents of oleic acid in Chinjuok and heptadecanoic acid in $Chech'{\breve{o}}nok$ were higher than other varieties. Phospholipid were mainly composed of phosphatidyllnositol$(30.9{\sim}86.4%)$ and phosphatidylcholine$(4.5{\sim}22.0%)$. The contents of phosphatidrlinositol in $Hoengs{\breve{o}}ngok$ and Hwanngok No. 3 were less than other varieties. The major fatty acid in phospolipid from six varieties of dent corn chiefly consisted of patmitic$(37.2{\sim}61.6%)$ heptadecanoic$(9.2{\sim}31.8%)$ and oleic acid$(4.3{\sim}17.2%)$. Particuiarlr the content of oleic acid in $Hoengs{\breve{o}}ngok$ was higher but heptadccanoic acid in $Hoengs{\breve{o}}ngok$ was less than othcr varieties.

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