A Pantographic Study on the Mandibular Movements in Patients with Temporomandibular Joint Sounds

Pantograph를 이용한 악관절잡음자의 하악운동에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Pung Ho (Dept. of Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry Wonkwang University) ;
  • Han, Kyung Soo (Dept. of Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry Wonkwang University)
  • 이풍호 (원광대학교 치과대학 구강진단학 교실) ;
  • 한경수 (원광대학교 치과대학 구강진단학 교실)
  • Published : 1987.12.30


The author studied on the effect of TMJ sounds to the patterns and ranges of mandibular border movements in horizontal plane with Pantograph (Denar Corp.). For study, 19 patients with TMJ sounds only and 16 students with no TM disorder were selected and classified as experimental group and control group, respectively. The subject performed right lateral movement, left lateral movement, and forward movement. Each movement were performed 3 times and the movement trajectory obtained with mechanical pantograph were observed for accordance of centric relation position, reproducibility and/or restriction of lateral movement paths, deviation of protrusive path in anterior table, restriction of protrusive condylar movement path in posterior horizontal table, presence of Fisher angle in posterior vertical table. And pantographic reproducibility Index (PRI) were obtained with pantronic by the same movement method as in the mechanical pantograph record. The obtained results were as follows : 1. In experimental group, PRI scores in those who show accordance of centric relation position were 14.4, and were 26.53 in those who did not show accordance of centric relation position. However, the PRI scores of the two subgroups show no statistically significant difference in control group. Therefore, in experimental group, the capability of accordance of centric relation position affected largely the PRI scores than in control group. 2. Deviation of protrusive path was opposite to the affected side in experimental group, and was left side in control group. 3. Restriction side of condylar movement in protrusion was ipsilateral to the deviation side in experimental group, but in control group, restriction side was not related to the deviation side. 4. PRI scores in experimental group were 23.2 (moderate dysfunction category), and in control group, were 17.8 (slight dysfunction category). The PRI scores in control group, however, implies that the evaluation of temporomandibular disorders by the PRI scores only may be unreasonable.