Desmutagenic Action of Sugar Degradation Products

당(糖) 분해생성물의 돌연변이원성 억제작용

  • Published : 1988.02.01

Abstract

The desmutagenic effects of ${\alpha}$-hydroxycarbonyl compounds, such as glyceraldehyde, glycolaldehyde, dihydroxyacetone, furfural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, maltol, acetol and acetoin and ${\alpha}$-dicarbonyls, such as diacetyl, glyoxal, methyl glyoxal and 2, 3-pentanedione were investigated against the mutagenic heterocyclic amines, such as Trp-P-1, Trp-P-2, Glu-P-1, Glu-P-2 and IQ. Most of the carbonyl compounds suppressed the mutagenicity of heterocyclic amines for S. typhimurium TA98, ${\alpha}$-dicarbonyl compounds showing a higher desmutagenic effect than ${\alpha}$-hydroxycarbonyl compounds. Among the ${\alpha}$-hydroxycarbonyl compounds, glyceraldehyde, glycolaldehyde and dihy-droxyacetone showed more effective desmutagenicity, and diacetyl among the ${\alpha}$-dicabonyl compounds had the highest desmutagenic effect. These carbonyl compounds alone also showed mutagenicity to S. typhimurium TA100 without S-9 mix. The reaction of carbonyl compounds with mutagenic heterocyclic amines also eliminated the mutagenicity of the former for S. typhimurium TA100.

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