Studies on Thermophilic Flat-sour Bacteria in Soymilk: Isolation, Indentification and Determination of Heat Resistance

두유내의 고온성 Flat-sour 변질균의 분리.동정 및 열저항성에 관한 연구

  • Chung, Je-Bong (Central Research Institute, Dr. Chung's Food co., Ltd.) ;
  • Lee, Kyun-Hee (Central Research Institute, Dr. Chung's Food co., Ltd.) ;
  • Sohn, Heon-Soo (Central Research Institute, Dr. Chung's Food co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Suk-Min (Central Research Institute, Dr. Chung's Food co., Ltd.)
  • Published : 1988.04.01

Abstract

For the optimization of thermal processing conditions in soymilk process, 4 strains of thermoresistant flat-sour bacteria were isolated from soymilk. The isolates were aerobic spore-forming rods, and grew at $-65^{\circ}C$. Based on the morphological and physiological properties, all of the isolated strains were identified as Bacillus stearothermophilus. The heat resistance of spores of 3 isolates and Bacillus stearothermophillus ATCC 12980 as a reference was determined in soymilk(pH 7.0) and pH 7.0 buffer solution. For each of the spores studied, linear regression equations with standard error were presented for the thermal destruction at 110, 115, 121, and $125^{\circ}C$. It was not obvious that the components of soy milk increased the heat resistance of spores. Between the strains studied, variability was noted in the D values at the different temperature, and no one strain was consistently the most heat resistant at all the given temperatures. The average D value for the 4 strains was 77.27, 20.20, 2.76 and 1.39 min at 110, 115, 121 and $125^{\circ}C$, respectively, and the average z value was $8.36^{\circ}C$.

Keywords

soymilk;flat-sour;Bacillus stearothermophilus;spore;thermoresistance