Study on the Compositional Change of Free Sugars and Glucosinolates of Rapeseed during Germination

발아에 의한 유채의 Glucosinolate 및 유리당 함량의 변화에 관한 연구

  • Published : 1988.04.01

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the technical feasibility of producing toxicant-free rapeseed by germination. To this end, rapeseed(Brassica napus L.)was germinated at $25^{\circ}C$ for 120 hours, and the chemical compositions-glucosinolates and free sugers-were determinated in every 24 hours during germination. The amount of glucosinolates in rapeseed measured by UV method was very close to that measured by GLC method. The glucosinolates were considerably abundant in rapeseed before germination, and the total content was found to be 13.6 mg/g. Rapeseed showed the lowest glucosinolate content in 72 hours during germination, and it gradually increased glucosinolate content from 96 hours. Free suger content in rapeseed before germination was as follows : 3.03 mg/g of fructose, 2.97 mg/g of glucose and 5.63 mg/g of sucrose. Raffinose and stachyose were not detected, and in general free sugars were gradually decreased during germination. However, sucrose was increased in the early period of gremination and decreased in the later period.

Keywords

rapeseed glucosinolate;germination;sugars