Nonvolatile Flavor Components in Chinese Quince Fruits, Chaenomeles sinensis koehne

모과의 비휘발성 Flavor 성분에 관한 연구

  • Chung, Tae-Yung (Department of Food & Nutrition, Pusan National University) ;
  • Cho, Dae-Sun (Department of Food & Nutrition, Pusan National University) ;
  • Song, Jae-Chul (Department of Food & Nutrition, University of Ulsan)
  • 정태영 (부산대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 조대선 (부산대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 송재철 (울산대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1988.06.01


This study was performed to identify detailed informations on the nonvolatile flavor of Chinese quince fruits, Chaenomeles sinensis koehne. About 72% of the free amino acids were shown to be valine, asparagine, ${\gamma}-aminobutyric\;acid$, aspartic acid and serine. Arginine, tyrosine, methionine and tryptophan were not present. Glutamic acid and glutamine as a amino acid for peptides were the major components, whereas cysteic acid, methionine sulfone and tryptophan were not detected. The nucleotides attained were composed of cytosine, uridine-5'-monophosphate and cytidine-5'-monophosphate, and these were proved to be a very small quantity. Guanosine-5'-monophosphate, inosine-5'-monophosphate and adenosine-5'-monophosphate were not present. The major sugars were shown to be glucose, sorbose, sucrose and fructose. Fructose was the most abundant one among them. A total of 11 organic acids were identified by capillary gas chromatography and capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The major components identified were tartaric acid and α-ketoglutaric acid. The total content of vitamin C determined was 386.6mg%, and those of ascorbic, dehydroascorbic, and 2, 3-diketo-L-gulonic acid were 28.8mg%, 154.5mg% and 197.3mg%, respectively. Calcium and phosphorus were the major components, while heavy metals such as cadmium, copper and lead were determined to be a small amount. In the result of organoleptic test on the natural and synthetic extract of Chinese quince fruits, the principal taste components consisted of free amino acids, sugars, organic acids, vitamin C and minerals. Five groups mentioned would have a favorable influence upon the taste of fresh Chinese quince fruits.