Studies on Analysis Method of T-2 Toxin by ELISA

ELISA에 의한 T-2 toxin의 분석법에 관한 연구

  • Published : 1988.06.01


T-2 toxin is one of mycotoxins produced by fungi such as Fusarium spp. and possesses a potent cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cell. The contamination of mycotoxins in cereals and feedstuffs is one of the great concerns in health authorities. Therefore, the development of the specific, sensitive and simplified analysis method for T -2 toxin is required. During more than ten years, several chemical and biological analysis methods were proposed and applied for the detection and quantification of T-2 toxin. TLC, GLC-FID and GC-MS are widely employed, but these methods required numerous clean-up procedures before analysis, and the detection limit for T-2 toxin is more than 10 ppb. Biological analysis methods with dermal tissues and cultured cells are not specific to T-2 toxin, since T-2 toxin and other related derivatives possess a similar toxicological activity although their relative activity is different each otber. Based on tbe specific reaction between antibody and antigen, the authors tried to introduce the immunochemical methods for determination of T-2 toxin. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method using monoclonal antibody for T-2 toxin was applied to analyse T-2 toxin. The detection limit of T-2 toxin by ELISA method was 0.1 ppb. The correlation between ELISA and GC-MS method on these samples was very high. ELISA method developed for the detection and quantification of T -2 toxin in this paper possesses simplicity, high sensitivity and specific for T-2 toxin. Furthermore, the ELISA method with T-2 toxin monoclonal antibody was an excellent tool for the screening of Fusarium spp. which was suspected to produce T-2 toxin.

종래의 화학적, 생물학적 분석방법의 단점인 검출한도가 낮은점, 시료전처리의 복잡성, 비경제성 및 비 특이성 등을 극복하기 위해 monoclonal AB를 사용한 ELISA법으로 T-2 toxin 에 대해 특이성있는 새로운 분석법을 개발하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. 종래의 GLC 및 GC-MS 분석법보다 간편하고 신뢰성이 높으며 검출한계가 0.1ppb인 고감도의 분석법을 개발하였다. 2. 본 분석법을 이용하여 Fusarium spp. 균의 T-2 생산유무를 단시간에 다량의 시료를 검색할 수 있었으며, data의 정확도가 GLC와 유사하며 GLC로는 검색할 수 없는 150ppb이하의 미량함유 시료에서도 T-2 toxin을 검색할 수 있었다. 3. 본 실험에 사용한 F. sporotichioides M-1-1 균주의 밀에 대한 최적 배양조건은 $24~27^{\circ}C$ 2주간임을 알았다.