A Survey on the Lead Contents of Feedstuffs Produced in Korea

한국산(韓國産) 사료(飼料)의 연함량(鉛含量)에 관한 조사연구(調査硏究)

  • Lee, Hyun-beom (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 이현범 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1988.01.25
  • Published : 1988.04.30


Present study was undertaken in order to evaluate the lead contents of various feedstuffs produced in Korea and the effect of the burning of gasoline by automobiles on the lead contents. Ninety-one samples near and 95 far road were collected from 9 regions(Do). All of the samples were washed, dry-ashed and analyzed for lead content using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The mean values obtained were checked for significance of difference using computer. The results obtained were summerized as follows: 1. The lead content in ${\mu}g/g$ of agriculture-byproducts were measured with the following mean values and ranges(in parentheses). Rice bran: $2.07{\pm}1.67$ (0-5.00), rice hull $1.84{\pm}1.18$ (0-3.71), rice straw, $1.27{\pm}1.09$ (0-3.62), soybean pod:$4.55{\pm}3.13$ ($1.13{\pm}10.43$), and wheat bran: $1.69{\pm}0.86$ (0-3.65). 2. The lead content in ${\mu}g/g$ of pasture plants were measured with the following mean values and ranges. Kudzu:$2.71{\pm}1.74$ ($0.38{\pm}8.75$), leed: $2.03{\pm}1.61$ (0-4.54), lespedeza:$4.73{\pm}5.93$ (0-31.25), sagebrush: $4.08{\pm}3.75$ (0-12.18), Korean-grass: $2.11{\pm}1.38$ (0-5.50), maizestalk: $2.62{\pm}2.35$ (0-8.65), clover: $3.83{\pm}2.97$ (0-12.19), alfalfa: $7.14{\pm}0.97$ (4.46-9.25), and timothy: $5.86{\pm}4.79$ (0-9.25). 3. Fourteen samples (22.2%) out of 63 agriculture-byproduct samples and 42 (34.2%) out of 123 pasture plant samples showed lead content of more than $3{\mu}g/g$ which are said to be the upper limit value for cattle. 4. No significant difference between the mean lead contents of near road, and those of far road was recorgnized. 5. The regional mean values for all kinds of samples collected in Kyungbuk and Kyungnam were significantly (p<0.05, p<0.10) higher compared to those in Chungnam and Jejudo.6. From these results it may be concluded that the burning of gasoline by automobiler did not affect on the lead contentes of washed feedstuffs produced in Korea at present.



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