The Combined Effect of Heat Treatment and Irradiation on the Inactivation of Major Lactic Acid Bacteria Associated with Kimchi Fermentation

김치의 숙성관련 주요 젖산균 살균에 대한 가열처리와 방사선 조사의 병용효과

  • Published : 1989.04.01

Abstract

The combined effects of heat treatment and ${\gamma}-irradiation$ on the inactivation of major lactic acid bacteria associated with Kimchi fermentation were investigated. The radiosensitivities $(D_{10}\;values)$ of lactic acid bacteria in case of a single treatment of irradiation were 0.61 kGy in Lactobacillus brevis, 0.60 kGy in Lactobacillus plantarum, 0.50 kGy in Leuconostoc mesenteroides, 0.4 kGy in Pediococcus cerevisiae, 0.39 kGy in Streptococcus faecalis. The heat sensitization $(D_{min}\;values)$ by a single treatment of heat ranged 9.2-15.6 at $50^{\circ}C$ and 3.7-5.5 at $60^{\circ}C$. Synegistic effects were shown in the radiosensitivities of Streptococcus faecalis, Pediococcus cerevisiae, Lactobacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus brevis by the combined treatment(Dose multiplying factors ranged $1.20{\sim}1.56$). It seems, therefore, that the combined treatment can be applied to the radiation preservation of Kimchi, minimizing the side-effects like physical changes induced by the high dose irradiation or heat treatment.

Keywords

Kimchi fermentation;radiosensitivity;lactic acid bacteria;heat sensitization;dose multiplying factors