Changes in Flavor of Chungkookjang During Fermentation

청국장 숙성중의 향기성분 변화

  • Choi, Sung-Hee (Department of Food and Nutrition Dongeui University) ;
  • Ji, Young-Ae (Department of Food Science and Technology Kyungsung University)
  • Published : 1989.04.01


Cooked soybeans were fermented with B. subtilis and B. natto for 48 hrs and 74 hrs. The odor concentrates of during these Chungkookjang fermentation were obtained with a simultaneous distillation and extraction system. The seperation and identification were carried out by GC and GC-MS. The main components of the cooked odor concentrate of soybeans were 3-methyl-1-butanol, 1-pentanol and 1-octen-3-ol etc.. In Chungkookjang (B. subtilis inoculation), 3-methyl-1-butanol, 1-pentanol and 1-octen-3-ol remained but alkyl pyrazines such as 2,5-dimethyl pyrazine, trimethyl pyrazine and tetramethyl pyrazine increased and those increased during the fermentation. In Chungkookjang(B. natto inoculation), 3-methyl-1-butanol, 1-pentanol and 1-octen-3-ol, main components of cooked soybeans decreased and alkyl pyrazines increased, especially, tetramethyl pyrazine remarkably increased during fermentation. From the result, it seems that alkyl pyrazines caused the characteristic odor of Chungkookjang and mask the beany odor.