Flavor Components of the Fruit Peel and Leaf Oil from Zanthoxylum piperitum DC

초피(Zanthoxylum piperitum DC)의 과피와 잎의 방향성분

  • Published : 1989.08.01

Abstract

The essential oils from ripe fruit peel and leaf of Zanthoxylum piperitum DC were extracted by gas co-distillation method and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/ MS) and retention index matching. The experimental results revealed the presence of over 100 volatile components. Major components were 1,8-cineol (25.47%), limonene (11.91%), geranyl acetate (9.01%), myrcene (6.15%) in fruit peel and citronellal (23.11%), 1,8-cineol (18.38%), citronellol (6.04%) in leaf. Among the components identified were the following; in fruit peel, ${\alpha}-pinene$ and 13 hydrocarbons, linalool and 8 alcohols, citronellal and 3 aldehydes, carvone and 2 kotones, methyl salicylate and 7 esters, and 1,8-cineol and oxides, and in leaf, ${\alpha}-pinene$ and 7 hydrocarbons, linalool and 7 alcohols, citronellyl acetate and 5 esters, citronellal and 1 aldehyde, carvone, and 1,8-cineol and 1 oxide.

Keywords

Zanthoxylum piperitum DC;essential oil;gas co-distillation;gas chromatography/mass spectrometry;retention index