Alteration of Biochemical Responses in Activated Human Neutrophils by ATP and Adenosine

활성화된 사람 중성 백혈구에서 ATP와 Adenosine 처리에 따른 생화학적 반응의 변경

  • Park, Sung-Soo (Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Lee, Chung-Soo (Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University)
  • 박성수 (중앙대학교 의과대학 약리학교실) ;
  • 이정수 (중앙대학교 의과대학 약리학교실)
  • Published : 1990.06.30

Abstract

In both resting and opsonized zymosan activated neutrophils, ATP stimulated superoxide generation, whereas adenosine inhibited it slightly. The superoxide generation in activated neutrophils to ATP was greater than that of resting neutrophils. In $Ca^{++}$ free medium, inhibitory effect of adenosine on superoxide generation was detectable, whereas ATP did not have any effect. The stimulatory effect of ATP on superoxide generation was inhibited by adenosine in a dose dependent manner. Neither ATP nor adenosine had any effect on NADPH oxidase acitivity. Effects of ATP or adenosine on superoxide generation were more prominent than that by other triphosphate nucleotides or nucleosides. ATP and ADP further stimulated $Ca^{++}$ uptake and increased cytosolic free $Ca^{++}$ level in neutrophils activated by opsonized zymosan, but adenosine inhibited a $Ca^{++}$ mobilization. Verapamil effectively and tetrodotoxin slightly inhibited an increase of cytosolic free $Ca^{++}$ level induced by ATP. Inhibitory effect of either verapamil or tetrodotoxin on superoxide generation in the ATP plus opsonized zymosan-activated neutrophils was greater than in the cells activated by opsonized zymosan alone. Tetraethylammonium chloride had no apparent effect on superoxide generation. CCCP, 2,4-dinitrophenol, diphenylhydantoin and procaine all inhibited superoxide generation in neutrophils activated by opsonized zymosan. Among these, CCCP only inhibited a stimulatory effect of ATP. ATP further stimulated a loss of sulfhydryl groups in activated neutrophils, whereas adenosine had no effect on it. These results suggest that functional responses of neutrophils may be regulated at least partly by purines. ATP and adenosine may further after functional responses of activated neutrophils through their effect on $Ca^{++}$ uptake, membrane phosphorylation and oxidation of soluble sulfhydryl groups.