Mass Transfer and Optimum Processing Conditions for Osmotic Conditions of Potatoes prior to Air Dehydration

열풍건조 전 감자의 삼투압농축시 물질이동과 공정의 최적화

  • Published : 1990.10.01

Abstract

The effect of sugar concentration, immersion time and temperature on water loss, solid gain or loss, and sugar molality of potatoes during osmotic concentration was analyzed by a response surface methodology (RSM), and those values were predicted by using a second degree polynomial regression model. Effect of osmotic concentration and blanching on vitamin C retention of air dried potatoes (6% MC: wet basis) was also evaluated. The most significant factor was sugar concentration for water loss, solid gain or loss, sugar molality, rate parameter and retention of vitamin C. Second and third factors were immersion time and temperature respectively. Water loss and solid gain were rapid in the first 10 min and then levelled off. A 44.6% of water loss was observed during osmotic concentration using a sugar solution $(60\;Brix,\;80^{\circ}C$) with 20 min of immersion time. Dried potatoes after osmotic concentration had higher vitamin C content than dried potatoes after blanching. Optimum regions for osmotic concentration process of potatoes were $60-70^{\circ}C$ of immersion temperature, 60 Brix of sugar solution and 16-20 min of immersion time based on above 30% of water loss and 50% of vitamin C retention.

Keywords

potatoes;osmotic concentration;optimum regions;vitamin C retention