Influence of Isolation Method on the Composition of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Max.) Flavor

살구의 휘발성 성분 조성에 대한 분리방법의 영향

  • Published : 1990.10.01


Volatile components of fresh apricot (Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Max.) were isolated by simultaneous distillation-extraction at two different pH values of 3.1 and 7.0 and by headspace trapping method. The volatiles were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. A total of 80 components were identified in the three aroma concentrates, including 9 naphthalene derivatives that were not previously reported in apricot. Of components identified in native pH (3.1) sample, the major components were aliphatic $C_6$ aldehydes and alcohols, monoterpene alcohols, benzyl alcohol, ${\beta}-phenylethyl$ alcohol and naphthalene derivatives, while those in neutral pH(7.0) sample and headspace volatiles were aliphatic $C_6$ aldehydes and alcohols. Simultaneous distillation-extraction at pH 3.1 was significantly increased the concentration of n-hexanal, trans-2-hexenal, cis-3-hexen-1-ol, linalool oxide, linalool, ${\alpha}-terpineol$, nerol, geraniol, benzyl alcohol, ${\beta}-phenylethyl$ alcohol and naphthalene derivatives. These results demonstrate that above the components are present in glycosidically bound forms in apricot.