Study on functional elevations of sperm-host glands in domestic hens 1. Histochemical and electron microscopical observations

닭의 정자선(精子腺) 기능(機能) 향상(向上)을 위한 연구(硏究) 1. 조직화학적(組織化學的) 및 전자현미경적(電子顯微鏡的) 관찰(觀察)

  • Kwak, Soo-dong (College of Veterinary Medicine Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Woo, Ho-choon (College of Veterinary Medicine Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Choe, Sang-yong (College of Veterinary Medicine Gyeongsang National University)
  • 곽수동 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 우호춘 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 최상용 (경상대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1990.11.03
  • Published : 1991.01.31


The present investigation was focussed on histochemical and electron microscopical observations of utero-vaginal(U-V) glands in U-V junctions of domestic hens. In histochemical observations, fine granules by PAS technique for mucopolysaccharides and nile blue stain for acidic lipids were slightly stained on the cytoplasm of U-V glandular epithelium. Larger granules by Sudan black B stain for neutral fat and phospholipids and Sudan III stain for neutral fat were heavily stained on the perinuclear region of the U-V gland epithelial cells. These positive materials were heavily stained on the U-V glandular epithelium of lowfecundity hens and non-laying hens. In scanning electron microscopic findings of the U-V junction surface, the orifices of U-V glands are seen as the crater-like invagination. The neck of the U-V gland and the epithelium of U-V iunction were covered by ciliated epithelial cells. Aggregates of spermatozoa are observed often to be on the necks of the U-V gland. These spermatozoa heads are embedded in the glandular tubules and many spermatozoa tails are free on the epithelium of uterine surface. In transmission electron microscopic findings, the epithelial cells of the U-V glandular orifices were ciliated, columnar cells. The apical regions of these cells contained numerous electrondense, round secretory granules of uniformly size. The epithelial cells of the U-V glandular tubule were columnar or pyramid shape with round or oval nuclei. These epithelial cells have numerous microvilli and also contained electron-dense, round secretary granules of uniformly size and electron-lucent vesicles of various size. Spermatozoa are seen as the cross-sections of various regions of heads and tails in glandular tubules. Also spermatozoa arranged longitudinally parallel within the glandular tubules.


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