Clinical and bacteriological studies on infectious atrophic rhinitis of swine

돼지 전염성 위축성 비염의 임상학적 및 세균학적 연구

  • Kim, Bong-hwan (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Tak, Ryun-bin (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Cho, Gil-jae (Korean Horse Affairs Association, Equine Health Laboratory) ;
  • Jang, Hee-kyung (Veterinary Research Institute)
  • Received : 1991.08.14
  • Published : 1991.10.31

Abstract

Clinical and bacteriological observations on infectious atrophic rhinitis of swine were conducted in order to obtain some basic information for the clinical and immnnological control of the disease prevailing in the republic. Samples were collected from nasal cavities of 135 4~12 week old pigs from 12 herds and from turbinates of 199 slaughtering pigs from 14 swine herds to investigate the prevalence of Bordetella bronchiseptica and/or Pasteurella multocida in the nasal cavities of the pigs. On the examination of nasal swabs by cultural techniques and of gross lesion of snouts of slaughtering pigs, all the swine herds investigated were found to be affected by atrophic rhinitis and a total of 84 B bronchiseptica and 139 P multocida cultures were isolated from the nasal cavities of the pigs. Of the 199 slaughtering pigs, some 48% revealed gross pathological lesion typical of atrophic rhinitis and the prevalence of B bronchiseptica and P multocida were 27.6% and 46.7%, respectively. Biochemical properties, antimicrobial susceptibilities, serological characteristics and toxigenicity of the isolates of B bronchiseptica and P multocida were investigated.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단