Preliminary survey of swine internal parasites at the sawdust fermentation floor system

발효톱밥돈사에 대한 돼지 내부기생충 조사

  • Jang, Du-hwan (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Noh, Jae-wuk (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kang, Du-weon (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 장두환 (서울대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 노재욱 (서울대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 강두원 (서울대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1991.07.23
  • Published : 1991.10.31

Abstract

Preliminary survey on the prevalence of swine internal parasites was carried out at 91 pens of 4 piggeries being operated by the sawdust fermentation floor system in Kyunggi province. To investigate the effects of viability of eggs., larva and cysts, temperatures at the underlayer of the sawdust floor and rooms of pens were taken three times a day for 8 days. In a pig farm which has been operated by the sawdust fermentation floor system for G years, eggs and larva of Ascaris suum, Trichuris suis, Oesophagostomum sp., Hyostrongylus sp. and Strongyloides ransomi were detected from 42(70.0%) among 60 pens. Cysts and oocysts of coccidia, Balantidium coli, Entamoeba sp. were also detected from 50(83.3%) among 60 pens. In three pig farms which have been operated by the sawdust fermentation floor system for one year, eggs and larva of nematoda were not detected at all, and the contamination rates of protozoan cysts and oocysts was relatively low situation. The change of the temperature in the pig room was variable according to outside condition, whereas that in underfloor was consistently stable between $28^{\circ}C$ to $30^{\circ}C$ which was strictly suitable for the development of eggs, larva and cysts.