Residual Activity and Effect of Soil Applied Herbicides on Succeeding Crops in Vegetable Field - 1. Residual Activity and Effect of Applied Herbicides on Succeeding Crops in Winter Crops -

주요(主要) 채소용(菜蔬用) 제초제(除草劑)의 토양중(土壤中)에서의 잔효(殘效)와 후작물(後作物)에 미치는 영향(影響) - 제(第)1보(報) 월동작물(越冬作物)에 처리(處理)한 제초제(除草劑)의 잔효(殘效)와 후작물(後作物)에의 영향(影響) -

  • Ryang, H.S. (College of Agriculture, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Moon, Y.H. (College of Agriculture, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Choi, E.S. (College of Agriculture, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Jang, M.S. (College of Agriculture, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, J.H. (College of Agriculture, Chonbuk National University)
  • Published : 1991.03.30

Abstract

Residual period and carry-over effect of some herbicides were determined using a bioassay method in five winter crops (chinese cabbage, radish, spinach, onion and garlic). The effects were measured at regular time intervals after applling different rates of the herbicides. There were no great differences in residual period and carry-over injury between the soils and kinds of crops used. However, the residual period varied with the herbicides studied and the carry-over injury was rate of the herbicide application, sampling depth of soil, and kind and seeding date of the test plant. When the residual herbicides were applied, the carry-over injury could be minimized by selecting tolerant crops, delaying seeding of the crops after application of the herbicides, and regulating the cultivation depth. Herbicides which showed no residual effect by the end of the cropping period (200-240 days for winter crops) and no carry-over effect were alachlor, trifluralin, ethalfluralin and prometryn. When pendimethalin, metolachlor, linuron and methabenthiazuron were applied at the recommended rate or less, there was no carry-over injury at harvesting time. With doubling the recommended rate, however, the carry-over effect was found in sensitive crops. Napropamide applied in winter crops at rate of 150-300g a.i./10a brought about carry-over injury for such Gramineae as Italian ryegrass, direct-seeded rice and barley, whereas the injury was not found in lowland-transplanted rice, Cruciferae, Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae. Long residual herbicide nitralin applied at the rate of 75g a.i./10a caused the carry-over injury for Italian ryegrass, direct-seeded rice, baley and lowland-transplanted rice at 275 days in winter crops. In addition, a slight injury occurred in sesame, perilla and spinach, However, there was no injury for Cruciferae, Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단