Physical and Mechanical Properties of Panels Fabricated with Particle and Fiber by Composition Types

구성형태(構成形態)에 따른 파티클과 파이버로 제조(製造)한 패널의 물리적 및 기계적 성질

  • Yoon, Hyoung-Un (College of Agriculture and Life Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Phil-Woo (College of Agriculture and Life Science, Seoul National University)
  • 윤형운 (서울대학교 농업생명과학대학) ;
  • 이필우 (서울대학교 농업생명과학대학)
  • Received : 1992.02.10
  • Published : 1992.06.30

Abstract

The aim of this research was to investigate physical and mechanical properties of various composition panels, each fabricated with a ratio of fiber to particle of 2 to 10. Type A consisted of fiber-faces and particle-core in layered-mat system. Type B consisted of fiberboard-faces on particleboard-core. Type C consisted of fibers and particles in mixed-mat system. The results obtained from tests of bending strength, internal bond, screw holding strength and stability were as follows: 1. The bending strength and internal bonding of both the Type A panel and the Type B panel were higher than those of the Type C panel and three-layered particle board. 2. The mechanical properties of the Type C panel showed the lowest values of all composition methods. It seems that the different compression ratios of the particle and fiber interrupted the densification of the fibers when hot pressed. 3. The dimensional stability of layered-mat system panels consising of fiber-faces and particle-core was better the than control particleboard. 4. In composition methods of particle and fiber, layered-composition method was more resonable than mixed-composition. The Type B panel had the highest mechanical properties of all the composition types. 5. The Type A panel was considered the ideal composition method because of its resistance to delamination between the particle-layer and the fiber-layer and because of its lower adhesive content and more effective manufa cturing process.