Relationship between Joint Space and Craniofacial Morphology in Patients with Craniomandibular Disorders

두개하악장애환자에서 악관절강폭과 측모두부형태와의 관계에 관한 연구

  • Myung-Seok Seo (Dept. of Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kyung-Soo Han (Dept. of Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang Universit) ;
  • Min Shin (Dept. of Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University)
  • Published : 1992.12.01

Abstract

This study was performed for the purpose of investigating the relation between width of temporomandibular joint space and craniofacial morphology in patients with CMDs. The subjects utilized here were aged from 16 to 63 years old and 19 male and 46 female. For the study, each patient was taken radiographs by Transcranial and Lateral Cephalographic projection and the films were traced with routine method. The measured items were anterior, superior, posterior joint space and relative condylar position to the deepest part of glenoid fossa in Transcranial film and items related vertical and/or horizontal growth in Cephalogram. The data were processed with SPSS/PC+ package for statistical analysis. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Anterior joint space in affected side were wider than that of unaffected side, but for superior and posterior joint space, the value of unaffected side were more than those of affected side. 2. Superior or posterior joint space of affected side were significantly correlated with items related vertical growth, such as ramus height, Jarabak ratio, FMA. From this, the following cold be proposed, the wider the joint space of superior or posterior aspect of affected side was, the more the patient showed growth pattern of counter clockwise. 3. Superior or posterior joint space of affected side were significantly correlated with items related horizontal growth, such as SNPo, NAPo, APDI and ANB. From this the following could be proposed, the wider the joint space of superior or posterior aspect of affected side was, the more the patient showed anterior displacement of mandible. 4. It would be proposed that the diagnositic value of superior and posterior joint space of affected side in transcranial radiograph was excellent.

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