Cadmium Toxicity Decreased by Selenium Induced Metallothionein in the Organs of Rat.

Selenium에 의한 흰쥐의 장기내 Metallothionein변화와 Cadmium에 미치는 영향

  • 김정현 (경희대학교 대학원 환경학과) ;
  • 이재형 (경희대학교 대학원 환경학과) ;
  • 기노석 (전북대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 고대하 (전북대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Published : 1992.04.01


The influence of selenium to several toxic effects of cadmum, including lethality has been shown following pretreatment with cadmium, zinc and seleniurm Five groups of rats, each consisting of 16 rats, were studied and each group was divided into four subgroups, 4 rats for each subgroup. After subcutaneous pretreatment during 5 days with saline, CdCl$_{2}$ (0.5mg/kg, ZnCl$_{2}$ (13.0mg/kg) and $Na_{2}SeO_{3}$(1.0mg/kg), rats were given intraperitioneal administration of various dosage of or cadium of cadmium and selenium. After giving the challenge dose, cadmium and metallothionein(MT) concentrations were determined in liver and kidney The concentration of cadmium in liver and kideny increased proportionally to the increase of challenge dosage. The simultaneous administration of cadmium and selenium significantly more decrease cadmium concentrations in liver and kidney than those of the administration of cadmium only. However, MT concentrations in liver and kideny were increased by the pretreatment of cacmium, zinc and selenium. Our results suggest that increasing cadmium concentrations, gradully accumulating in the tissues of liver and kidney as a result of the pretreatment, served to induced the synthesis of MT, thus making them resistant to the challenge from cadmium.