Comparison of erythrocyte osmotic fragility in domestic chicken duck, quail, dog and pig

가금(家禽)과 포유가축(哺乳家畜) 적혈구(赤血球)의 삼투적(參透的) 취약성(脆弱性)의 비교(比較)

  • 민병만 (경기도 가축위생시험소 동부지소) ;
  • 김환균 (경기도 가축위생시험소 동부지소) ;
  • 김성열 (경기도 가축위생시험소 동부지소) ;
  • 구찬회 (경기도 가축위생시험소 동부지소)
  • Received : 1992.05.25
  • Published : 1992.07.30

Abstract

The study was attempted to scrutinize the normal osmotic fragility of erythrocytes in domestic poultry such as chicken, quail and duck, making a comparison with that in domestic mammalia such as dog and pig. Osmotic fragility of erythrocytes was determined on blood samples from 10 healthy adult animals in each species. Optical initial hemolysis of erythrocytes occurred at $0.395{\pm}0.03%$ NaCl for chicken, $0.410{\pm}0.03%$ for duck, $0.440{\pm}0.02%$ for quail, $0.470{\pm}0.05%$ for dog and $0.560{\pm}0.03%$ for pig. Optical complete hemolysis of erythrocytes occurred at $0.270{\pm}0.02%$ NaCl for chicken, $0.305{\pm}0.03%$ for duck, $0.360{\pm}0.02%$ for quail, $0.370{\pm}0.03%$ for dog and $0.455{\pm}0.03%$ for pig. In other words, erythrocytes of poultry have stronger resistance to osmotic lysis than those of mammalia, showing the strongest resistance in chicken among the tested poultry.