Detection of Edwardsiella tarda, the Pathogenic Bacteria in Freshwater Fishes by Means of the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Technique

간접형광항체법을 이용한 담수양식어의 병원균 Edwardsiella tarda의 검출

  • 류해진 (충청북도 가축위생시험소 남부지소) ;
  • 조우영 (충청북도 가축위생시험소 남부지소) ;
  • 이청산 (충청북도 가축위생시험소 남부지소) ;
  • 허강준 (충북대학교 수의학과)
  • Published : 1993.11.01


In this study, we carried out the rapid diagnostic system based on indirect fluorescent anti-body technique (IFAT) for detection of bacterial diseases in cultured freshwater fishes. 1. When the fishes were tested with graded dilution of Edwardsiella tarda FPC 470 bacteria detection from ten fishes Injected with $4.1{\times}10^3$colony forming unit(CFU) /ml, all of them were detected by IFAT but only two fishes were recognizable by the culture method in the tested fishes injected with $4.1{\times}10^3$CFU /ml. 2. The bacteria E. tarda could be detected by IFAT method from 1 to 48hrs after Injection in the tissues tested such as kidney, liver and spleen of the fishes, whereas detection by culture method could be recognized from 1 to 48hrs after injection In the kidney and spleen but it was not possible from preinjection to 1 hr in the liver. 3. Thus, IFAT proved to be more useful technique than plate culture method in the diagnosis of Edwardsiellosis in the freshwater fishes.