Thermodynamics on the Mixed Micellar Formation of Dimethyldodecylamine Oxide in Water/n-Propanol

Dimethyldodecylamine Oxide 의 물/n-프로판올 용매에서 혼합미셸 형성에 관한 열역학적 연구

  • Published : 1993.06.20

Abstract

The pseudophase separation model is used to describe the effects of pH and n-propanol on the mixed micellar formation of protonated and unprotonated dimethyldodecylamine oxides. Dimethyl-dodecylamine oxide surfactant molecules may exist in aqueous solution in either nonionic (unprotonated) or cationic (protonated) form, and they can be modeled thermodynamically as a binary mixture of cationic and nonionic surfactants. The composition of the binary mixture is varied by adjusting the solution pH. And activities, micellar compositions, and monomeric compositions of two surfactant species can be calculated directly from the experimental titration data by applying pseudophase separation model to the micellar system of DDAO in water/n-propanol. The critical micellar concentrations and the p$K_a$ values of the binary mixture systems are dependent on the micellar composition of the protonated cationic surfactant (X); especially they show the minimum phenomena when they are plotted against the micellar composition of the protonated cationic surfactant (X). The critical micellar concentration of the binary mixed DDAO system is generally decreased when n-propanol is added to the binary mixture system, and the degree of decrease is dependent on the concentration of n-propanol.

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