Flux Melting Route to 2-and 3-dimensional Fibrous Potassium Titanates, K$_2Ti_{2n}O_{4n+1}$ (n = 2 and 3)

Flux 용융법에 의한 2차원 및 3 차원 구조의 티탄산칼륨 섬유의 합성

  • Jin-Ho Choy (Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Yang Su Han (Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University) ;
  • Seung Wan Song (Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University)
  • 최진호 (서울대학교 자연과학대학 화학과) ;
  • 한양수 (서울대학교 자연과학대학 화학과) ;
  • 송승완 (서울대학교 자연과학대학 화학과)
  • Published : 1993.08.20


Two-dimensional potassium tetratitanate ($K_2Ti_4O_9$) and three-dimensional potassium hexatitanate ($K_2Ti_6O_{13}$) fibers have been prepared by the combined method consisting of the flux melting (1150$^{\circ}C$)-slow cooling (cooling rate = 5$^{\circ}C$/h) process from the starting raw materials of $K_2CO_3$, and $TiO_2$ with the flux of $K_2MoO_4$. It was found that the fiber growth reaction is strongly dependent upon the mole ratio of flux (F) to raw material (R), which is 7 : 3 (F : R) as for the optimum growth condition. Relatively long fibers (average length ${\thickapprox}$ 4 mm) with a mixture of $K_2Ti_4O_9$ (major) and $K_2Ti_6O_{13}$ (minor) could be obtained when the reaction was carried out for the $K_2MoO_4-$K_2O{\cdot}4TiO_2$ (F : R = 7 : 3) system, but for the $K_2$MoO_4$-$K_2O{\cdot}6TiO_2$ (F : R = 7: 3) one, only the short fibers with ${\thickapprox}$ 2 mm long could be grown as the mixed phase of $K_2Ti_6O_{13}$ and $K_2Ti_4O_9$.



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