Studies on the Preparation of Durable Softners using Alkyl Imidazoline and Fatty Carbamide

알킬이미다졸린과 지방산 카르바미드를 이용한 내구성 유연제의 제조에 관한 연구

  • 정충호 (명지대학교 공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 박홍수 (명지대학교 공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 김영근 (국립공업기술원 요업기술원)
  • Received : 1992.08.11
  • Accepted : 1992.11.09
  • Published : 1993.03.01


Some emulsified 1, 2-disubstituted imidazolinium salts were synthesized by quaternization of 1, 2-disubstituted imidazoline which had been prepared by the reaction of dodecanoic acid with tetraethylenepentamine. 2-Docosamido-2'-docosanoyloxydiethylamine was prepared by the reaction of docosanoic acid with hydroxylethylethylenediamine. Then, some emulsified fatty carbamide salts were also synthesized by quaternization of fatty carbamide which had been prepared by the reaction of urea with the 2-docosamido-2'-docosanoyloxydiethylamine. Some softners were prepared by blending of these salts mentioned above. These softners were treated on acrylic fiber, then several properties were measured. As the results, softening and lubricating properties are good and a little antistatic property was observed. The synthesized softners were also proved as a durable softner by means of the several experiments : bending resistance test and measurements of feeling change with washing according to the pH changes. The surface structure of acrylic fibers treated with the softner were characterized by SEM.