Changes in Lipid Components of Pollack During Sun-Drying

명태 천일건조 중 지방질성분의 변화

  • Oh, Kwang-Soo (Department of Fisheries Processing, National Tong-Yeong Fisheries Technical College)
  • 오광수 (통영수산전문대학 수산가공과)
  • Published : 1994.04.01


Changes in lipid components of pollack meat during sun-drying and effects of NaCl on lipid oxidation were examined. TBA values and peroxide values of sun dried pollack(SD), salted and sun dried pollack (SS) were 0.142 and 14.8 meq/kg, 0.226 and 20.0 meq/kg after sun-drying, respectively. Raw pollack contained 6.12% total lipid consisted of 2.42% neutral lipid(NL) and 3.70% phospholipid(PL) as dry basis, and there were $47{\sim}65%$ decrease in PL content during sun-drying. The NL class of raw pollack mainly consisted of triglyceride(TG), sterol(ST)+diglyceride(DG), hydrocarbon(HC)+sterol ester(SE), and main components in PL class were phosphatidylcholine(PC), phosphatidylethanolamlne(PE) and phosphatidylserine(PS). The contents of TG, ST+DG, PC and PE decreased, while those of free fatty acid, HC+SE, sphingomyelin and lysophosphatidylcholine increased markedly during sun-drying. The major fatty acids of TL in raw pollack, PD and SD samples were generally 22:6, 16:0, 20:5, 18:1 and 18:3; 20:5 decreased markedly during sun-drying, while saturates and monoenes such as 16:0, 18:0 and 18:1 increased slightly. And remaining ratios of polyunsaturated fatty acids of TL, NL and PL in SD and SS samples were 81.1%, 92.5%. 73.3%, and 74.6%, 74.1%, 45.4%, respectively. The results of changes in lipid components during sun-drying showed that sodium chloride catalyzed the lipid oxidation of pollack meat during drying processing.