Effect of Removal of Viscous Materials on Physicochemical Properties of Sea Tangle Extract

점질물 제거가 다시마 추출액의 물리화학적 특성에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 1994.04.01

Abstract

Removal of viscous materials, mainly alginate, from sea tangle extracts by $CaCl_2$ precipitation or ultrafiltration was investigated. The sea tangle extracts were prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis of polysaccharides followed by 2 hours of boiling in 1.5% NaCl or 2.0% sucrose solution. The $CaCl_2$ precipitation resulted in higher amount of total solid, amino-nitrogen and mannitol than those values of ultrafiltration, but protein extracted was less in the former. Both methods caused a significant decrease in the viscosity and turbidity of the extracts. The composition of four nucleotides showed that UMP and IMP were not detected in $CaCl_2$ precipitated extracts, while ultrafiltered extracts showed a fairly even distribution of them. Removal of viscous material, particularly ultrafiltration increased the glutamic acid in amino acid composition and reduced serine, histidine, lysine, glycine, phenylalanine and leucine.

Keywords

sea tangle;extraction;alginate removal;physicochemital properties