Changes in Hydrogen Donating Activities of the Extract from Hololeion maximowiczii Root by Drying Methods

건조방법에 따른 께묵뿌리 추출물의 수소공여능 조사

  • 최동연 (한양대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 도재호 (한국인삼연초연구원) ;
  • 이광승 (한국인삼연초연구원) ;
  • 양차범 (한양대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1994.04.01

Abstract

Hydrogen donating activities(HDA) of solvent extracts of Hololeion maximowiczii roots which were treated with freeze drying, hot air drying and hot air drying after steam blanching were investigated by the method of ${\alpha},{\alpha}'$-diphenyl-${\beta}$-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH). Hydrogen donating activity of hot air drying after steam blanching group showed the highest activity among three drying methods. Among the extracts of freeze dried root extracted with various solvents, color intensity at 420 nm of aqueous extract was highest, but hydrogen donating activity was shown in order of 50%, ethyl alcohol, methyl alcohol, water extracts. By heating the powder of freeze dried root at $100^{\circ}C$, color intensity of its water extract was decreased until 20 min, thereafter it was increased slowly but hydrogen donating activity was rapidly increased until 30 min. Hydrogen donating activity at the concentration of 6.05 mg/ml of 50% alcohol extract was similar to that of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ at the concentration of $2{\times}10^{-4}M$. Comparison of hydrogen donating activity of the inner and outer solution after dialysis of water extract showed that the outer solution had a stronger hydrogen donating activity than those of the inner one.

Keywords

Hololeion maximowiczii root;hydrogen donating activity;drying methods