Effects of Varietal Variation in Barley on ${\beta}-Glucan$ and Malting Quality Characteristics

보리의 품종적 변이가 ${\beta}-Glucan$ 및 맥아의 품질에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 1994.04.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate malt quality characteristics of barley cultivars(2- and 6-rowed barley) grown in Korea. Changes in ${\beta}-glucan$ content during malting process were also investigated. Two-rowed varieties of barley exhibited considerably higher values in test weight(TW), 1,000 kernel weight (1,000 KW), and % plumpness than six-rowed barley varieties, which obviously influenced the level of malt extract. Six-rowed barley samples had slightly higher levels of ${\beta}-glucan$ content than two-rowed ones. There were varietal differences in malt quality characteristics and degree of malt modification. During malting process, ${\beta}-glucan$ content was significantly reduced and the rate of the ${\beta}-glucan$ degradation was dependent on the variety. Total ${\beta}-glucan$ content present in raw barley tended to affect wort viscosity. A high correlationship was observed between ${\beta}-glucan$ content in malt and wort viscosity, suggesting that malt ${\beta}-glucan$ content was highly associated with malt quality.

Keywords

barley;${\beta}-glucan$;malting quality characteristics