Changes in Gelatinization Properties of Potato Starch by Microwave Heating Methods

마이크로파 가열방법에 따른 감자전분의 호화특성 변화

  • Choi, Ock-Ja (Department of Food and Nutrition, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Koh, Moo-Seok (Department of Home Economics Education, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Shin, Mal-Shick (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chonnam National University)
  • Published : 1994.12.01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the gelatinization properties of potato starch heated with microwave. Two types of potato starches were prepared; In group A raw potato starch was heated with microwave and in group B potato starch was isolated from potato heated with microwave. Both groups were exposed to the microwave energy in a 560W, 2,450 MHz oven for 60, 120, 180 and 300 seconds. Gelatinization behaviour by DSC made a few differences according to the ratio of starch to water. As the microwave heating time took longer, gelatinization temperature and gelatinization $enthalpy({\bigtriangleup}H_1)$ were decreased in and melting $enthalpy({\bigtriangleup}H_2)$ was increased in group A. Whereas they were increased in group B. In both groups, maximum viscosity in gelatinization by Brabender amylogram was decreased by microwave heating. Then the peak of the maximum viscosity was shifted to higher temperature and cold viscosity was slightly increased. In group A, viscosity in gelatinization and light transmittance by NaOH was increased in initial stage and gel volume in gelatinization by KSCN was decreased. On the other hand, in group B, viscosity by alkali was slightly decreased, but light transmittance by NaOH was almost never changed. Gel volume is decreased like group A.