Effect on Tenascin Expression of Low Power Generating Laser Irradiation during Wound Healing Process

저출력 레이저가 창상치유과정에서 Tenascin 발현에 미치는 영향

  • Sang-Bae Kim (Dept. of Oral Medicine and Oral Diagnosis, Yonsei University) ;
  • Chong-Youl Kim (Dept. of Oral Medicine and Oral Diagnosis, Yonsei University)
  • Published : 1994.06.01

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to observe the influence of Ga-As semiconductor-low power generating laser on she appearance and actions of tenascin, extracellular matrix, as healing process of intentional wound on the experimental animals is taking place. 35 rabbits were divided into control and experimental group. ; and on each, 3mm-long and 2mm-deep, surgical wounds were created on buccal oral mucosa and thoracodorsal portion of skin. Ga-As laser was applied to the experimental group starting a day of the day the wounds were created , the laser was applied for 5 minutes every other day. Tissue samples were taken after the 2, 4, 7, 10, and 14 days after wound formation. Then tile healing process of experimental and control groups were observed and compared, using light microscope. Afterwards, the samples were immunohistochemical stained and again observed tenascin by quantitative measuring. The following results were obtained : 1. Tenascin was observed prevalently on epithelial cells, border area of dermis, and interstitial matrix between connective tissue layers in both experimental and control groups. 2. In oral mucosa, the experimental group showed significant increase in the appearance of tenascin after 4 days compared to the control group, but after 10 days, it decreased to a point which is even less than the control group. 3. In the skin samples, the pattern of appearance of tenascin was the same in both groups, but there was some difference concerning when the peak period was shown, In the experimental group, the peak period of tenascin expression was the 7 days after wound formation in epithelium and connective tissue. In the control group, the peak period was 10 days after. 4. In both the experimental and control groups, tenascin first appeared in the epithelium near the wound area and submucosa, and then spread on the underlying connective tissue. In conclusion, appearance of tenascin is closely related to regeneration of epithelium and development of granulation tissue : therefore, low power laser, which fastnes appearance of tenascin, is sure to faciltate healing process of oral mucosa.