Effects of the Mixed Coagulants Ratio on SPI-Tofu Characteristics

응고제의 혼합비율이 분리대두단백두부의 특성에 미치는 영향

  • 김동원 (신흥전문대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 고순남 (세종전문대학식품공학과) ;
  • 김우정 (세종대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1994.02.01


Some quality characteristics of tofu prepared with soyprotein isolate (SPI) were investigated to study the effects of various ratio of coagulants mixture and addition of oil, sucrose and dextrin. The tofu was prepared by addition of coagulants into the boiled SPI suspension and compression. The results showed that the mixed coagulants of CaCl $_2$-GDL(50 :50) and CaSO$_4$-GDL(25 :75) resulted the highest volume yield of 4.23g/g SPI among the various ratios of CaCl$_2$-CaSO$_4$, CaCl$_2$-GDL and CaSO$_4$-GDL. The water holding capacity(WHC) expressed as the area of water absorbed on filter paper was relatively high for those tofu coagulation with CaCl$_2$-GDL(75 : 25) and CaSO$_4$ -GDL(75 : 25). Addition of sucrose or oil-sucrose (1 : 1) decreased the yield wihle WHC was improved. Their addition also caused less hard and cohesive tofu which was coagulated by CaCl$_2$-GDL(75 : 25) and CaSO$_4$-GDL(75 : 25).


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