Retention Behavior of Poly(Ethylene-co-Vinyl Acetate)s in Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation

열장 흐름 분획법에서 에틸렌-아세트산 비닐 혼성중합체들의 머무름거동에 관한 연구

  • 전선주 (연세대학교 이과대학 화학과) ;
  • 조경호 (연세대학교 이과대학 화학과) ;
  • 이대운 (연세대학교 이과대학 화학과) ;
  • 문명희 (강릉대학교 자연과학대학 화학과)
  • Published : 19940600

Abstract

The retention behaviors of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate)s have been studied by thermal field-flow fractionation(ThFFF) with respect to effective separation and characterization of thermal diffusion coefficients($D_{\tau}$) as one of the physicochemical properties of polymers. The eight copolymers are different in vinyl acetate composition ranging from 25% to 70% and in molecular weight ranging from 110,000 to 285,000. The carrier solvents are THF, toluene and chlorobenzene which have different viscosities and thermal conductivities. It is shown that the retention of a copolymer is dependent on the type of the carrier, the molecular weight and chemical composition of the copolymer. The results show that the retention of a copolymer increases when either vinyl acetate composition or the molecular weight increase. $D_{\tau}$ values measured by experiments vary from 1.36∼5.97 $\cm^2/(s.K)$ depending on the copolymer composition and the type of the carrier solvent. These values increase $(r^2{\geq}0.928)$ with increase of weight % of vinyl acetate. THF is found to be the proper carrier solvent for separation of copolymers employed in this study due to the fact that a $D_{\tau}$ value greatly changes with variation of copolymer composition. From the above results, ThFFF can be used for separation of copolymers with similar molecular sizes but different compositions.

Keywords

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