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ISOLATION OF Campylobacter jejuni AND C. coli FROM DOMESTIC AND EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS AND THEIR DRUG SUSCEPTIBILITY

  • Nakai, Y. (Department of Animal Microbiology and Parasitology, Tohoku University) ;
  • Kimura, K. (Department of Animal Microbiology and Parasitology, Tohoku University) ;
  • Sato, M. (Department of Animal Microbiology and Parasitology, Tohoku University) ;
  • Inamoto, T. (Department of Animal Microbiology and Parasitology, Tohoku University) ;
  • Ogimoto, K. (Department of Animal Microbiology and Parasitology, Tohoku University)
  • Received : 1993.11.15
  • Accepted : 1994.06.01
  • Published : 1994.12.01

Abstract

A total of 526 domestic and experimental animals in Miyagi prefecture, Japan were investigated for fecal carriage of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. C. jejuni was detected in chickens (8.2%), dogs (6.3%), pigs (4.3%), cattle (1.8%) and hamsters (1.4%). C. coli was only detected from pigs (20.7%). Drug susceptibility test was performed on 5 strains of C. jejuni isolated from chickens and 13 strains of C. coli isolated from pigs to tylosin (TS), thianphenicol (TP), carbadox (CDX), chroltetracyclin (CTC), vancomycin (VCM), cefoperazone (CPZ), latamoxef (LMOX), GM were highly effective and CTC, CP and PL were moderately effective against both C. jejuni and C. coli. TS and TPH were moderately effective against C. jejuni; however, they were less effective to C. coli. One strain of C. jejuni against CTC considered to be drug resistant. The results suggest that C. jejuni and C. coli can be controlled by several drugs effectively, although a drug resistant strain exists.