Effect of immunosuppression on Ascaris suum infection in undefinitive hosts II. Investigations in golden hamsters

비고유숙주(非固有宿主)에 있어서 면역억제(免疫抑制)가 돼지회충(蛔蟲)의 감염(感染)에 미치는 영향(影響) II. 햄스터에서의 실험소견(實驗所見)

  • Rhee, Jae-ku (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyeon-cheol (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Bae-keun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Chang-hyun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University)
  • 이재구 (전북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 김현철 (전북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 박배근 (전북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 이창현 (전북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1994.01.18
  • Published : 1994.01.31

Abstract

As a series of studies to investigate the effect of immunosuppression on Ascaris suum infection in undefinitive hosts, a delicate relationship between host and parasite, in the present studies golden hamsters were alloted to experiment 1(normal undefinitive host group) and experiment 2(immunosuppressive group treated with prednisolone acetate) and inoculated with a single dose of 1,500 embryonated Ascaris suum eggs. The recovery rates, sizes and features of the larvae and immunological responses in the hamsters were chronologically monitored according to somatic migration. In both experiments, the larvae failed to develop into the adults, but the more and larger larvae were observed for a longer period from experiment 2 in comparison with experiment 1. The numbers of the mast cells in the small intestinal mucosa and mesenteric lymph nodes, of the goblet cells in the small intestinal mucosa and of T-cells in the mesenteric lymph nodes, spleens and cardiac blood from experiment 2 were fewer than those from the experiment 1. In general, increasing of these cells followed by expulsion of the worms in the both groups. Profound leukopenia due to lymphopenia was found through trial period in experiment 2. Considering the experimental results, development or expulsion mechanism of somatic migrant larvae may be related to lymphopenia and temporary increasing tendency of the mast cells, the goblet cells and T-cells. In addition, patent infection of A suum in the hamsters was not obviously observed in spite of immunosuppression by prednisolone acetate.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단