Progesterone assays as an aid for improving reproductive efficiency in dairy cattle II. Use of plasma or milk progesterone profiles for differential diagnosis of ovarian cysts

Progesterone 농도측정(濃度測定)에 의한 유우(乳牛)의 번식효율증진(繁殖效率增進)에 관한 연구(硏究) II. 혈액(血液) 및 유즙(乳汁)중 progesterone 농도측정(濃度測定)에 의한 난소낭종(卵巢囊腫)의 감별진단(鑑別診斷)

  • Kang, Byong-kyu (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Choi, Han-sun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Choi, Sang-gong (Suhkwang Livestock Co. LTD.) ;
  • Son, Chang-ho (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Chon, Hong-suk (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University)
  • Received : 1993.10.14
  • Published : 1994.01.31

Abstract

In 60 dairy cows with inactive ovaries, follicular cyst, luteal cyst, persistent corpus luteum and silent heat as diagnosed by rectal palpation, and those that had not resumed ovarian cycles until 60 days postpartum, progesterone concentrations for differential diagnosis of reproductive disorders were measured and were compared in matched plasma, skim milk and milk fat samples at 10 days interval. The incidence rate of reproductive disorders were as follows; inactive ovaries 20(33.3%), silent heat 11(18.3%), follicular cyst 7(11.7%), luteal cyst 7(11.7%), persistent corpus luteum 7(11.7%), pyometra 4(6.7%), vaginitis 2(3.3%), cystic corpus luteum 1(1.7%), and endometritis 1(1.7%), respectively. Cows having a progesterone concentration in plasma and skim milk < 1.0 ng/ml, and in milk fat < 80.0 ng/ml were considered to have inactive ovaries or follicular cyst. Those with concentrations in plasma and skim milk ${\geq}1.0ng/ml$, and in milk fat ${\geq}80.0ng/ml$ were regarded as the cases of luteal cyst or persistent corpus luteum. Progesterone concentrations in above cows did not differ significantly between the time of initial determination and the 10 days after initial determination. But progesterone concentrations in cows with silent heat did differ significantly between the time of initial determination and the 10 days after initial determination(P<0.05). The accuracy of rectal palpation for making a differential diagnosis of ovarian dysfunction, as defined on basis of progesterone concentrations, were as follows; follicular cyst 55.6%, luteal cyst 50.0%, inactive ovaries 90.5% and persistent corpus luteum 60.0%, respectively. It may be concluded that progesterone determinations at 10 days interval is practical as an aid to diagnosing ovarian dysfunction, particularly follicular cyst and luteal cyst.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단