Development on the abomasum of fetuses and neonates in Korean native goats

한국재래산양의 태아 및 신생아의 제4위 발달에 관하여

  • Lee, Jong-hwan (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Huh, Chan-kwen (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Chong-sup (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kwak, Soo-dong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 이종환 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 허찬권 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 김종섭 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 곽수동 (경상대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1994.02.28
  • Published : 1994.04.30

Abstract

The development of abomasum in fetuses between 60, 90, 120 days of gestation and neonates of Korean native goats was investigated by light, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The results obtained were summarized as follows ; 1. The abomasum wall appeared to be differentiated into the epithelium, lamina propria, muscle layer, and serosa at 60 days of gestation. The epithelium was stratified columnar and these nuclei were located near the apical two thirds portion of the cell at 60 days of gestation, and then transformed into simple columnar epithelium with the flat basal nuclei. 2. The inner circular and outer longitudinal muscle layers were observed at 90 days of gestation and the blood vessels had become quite well developed as various arterioles, venules and capillaries of different size during this age. 3. Gastric pits were seen at 90 days of gestation and continued gradually to increase depth during gestation. 4. The mucous, parietal and chief cells appeared in epithelium at 90 days of gestation and continued gradually to increase in number during gestation. In 120 days fetuses and neonates, muscle layer had become very thickeness. 5. Scanning electron microscopically, the inner surface of the abomasum already consisted of wavy spiral folds which had many fine wrinkles at 60 days of gestation. In 90 day old fetuses, each spiral fold was enlarged and its surface was tended to be split into many straight longitudinal ridges and among these ridge were found shallow grooves, At 120 days, the subdivided swellings of ridges were progressively complicated in shape. In the neonates, the inner surface was flat and holed with many gastric pits. 6. Transmission electron microscopically, the epithelium was straified columnar and these nuclei were irregular shape at 60 days fetus. The parietal, chief and mucous cells were observed in 90 day old fetuses and continued gradually to increase in number during gestation. 7. The development of the abomasum was relatively slow at early stages, it was accelerated greatly in the last of gestation.