Immunohistochemical observations of proliferating cells in distal epiphyseal tissue of chicken femurs

닭의 대퇴부 골단조직의 세포증식에 대한 면역조직화학적 관찰

  • Kwak, Soo-dong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Chong-sup (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kang, Chung-boo (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 곽수동 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 김종섭 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 강정부 (경상대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1994.03.18
  • Published : 1994.04.30


The present study was focussed to assess the proliferating cells in the distal epiphyseal tissue of the chicken femur by immunohistochemical staining methods. Four chickens were administrated intraperitoneally by twice consecutive injections, 1 day interval with bromodeoxyuridine(Brdur, 0.05 mg/gm BW/time), and then were killed by exsanguination of jugular vein at 2 hours after last injection. Samples were taken from femur distal epiphyseas of chicken. Labeling indexes(LI) were calculated as the ratio of the number of anti-Brdur monoclonal antibody-labeled cells in the each tissue layers from basal layer of the integument to bone marrow. The overall LI were found to be $13.90{\pm}3.44%$, $30.03{\pm}7.52%$, $16.00{\pm}9.41%$, $0.00{\pm}0.00%$ and $60.03{\pm}13.39%$ at basal layer of integument, perichordrium, reseving zone in cartilage, hypertrophic zone in cartilage and bone marrow respectively. LI in proliferating zone of cartilage were found to be $36.99{\pm}7.59%$, $32.83{\pm}5.38%$ and $22.02{\pm}6.27%$ at reserving zone side region, middle region, and hypertrophic zone side region respectively. The tissue layers with higher LI were odered as bone marrow, reserving zone side region in proliferating zone, middle region in proliferating zone, perichondrium, hypertrophic zone side region in proliferating zone. reserving zone of cartilage and basal layer of integument. These data indicate that the overall LI in the each tissue layer of distal epiphyseas of the chicken femur were concluded to be higher than that in another tissue of adult birds but hypertrophic zone of cartlage were appeared to be not proliferating cells.