Pharmacokinetics of oxytetracycline in rabbits after intravenous and intramuscular administrations

토끼에서 oxytetracycline의 정맥 및 근육 투여시의 약물동태학

  • Kim, Eun-jung (Colleage of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yun, Hyo-in (Colleage of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Seung-chun (Colleage of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Oh, Tae-kwang (Genetic Engineering Research Institute, KAIST) ;
  • Cho, Chun-hyung (Veterinary Research Institute)
  • 김은정 (충남대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 윤효인 (충남대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 박승춘 (충남대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 오태광 (한국과학기술원 유전공학연구소) ;
  • 조준형 (가축위생연구소)
  • Received : 1994.04.28
  • Published : 1994.04.30

Abstract

The study was carried out to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters after intravenous(iv) and intramuscular(im) administration (10mg/kr) in healthy rabbits. The results obtained through the experiments were summarized as follows: 1. Bioassay (Bacillus cereus 11778) was evaluated very useful for the determination of oxytetracycline(OTC) in the rabbit serum and tissues, with the detection limit of $0.125{\mu}g/ml$. 2. The pharmacokinetic profiles of OTC (10mg/kg, iv) in rabbits were best described with a two compartment open model $(C=29.5e^{-4,3t}{\pm}3.6^{-0.2t})$, whereas that of OTC (10mg/kg, im) showed a one compartment curve fitting. 3. Following iv administration, a rapid distribution phase was predominant [$t_{\frac{1}{2}}({\alpha}):1.43{\pm}0.98hr$ (♂), $0.5{\pm}0.1hr$(♀)], and then more slow elimination phase ensued [$t_{\frac{1}{2}}({\beta}):4.52{\pm}0.76hr$(♂), $7.32{\pm}2.52hr$(♀)]. Other computer generated pharmacokinetic values were as follows:C1 [$67.76{\pm}18.59ml/kg/h$(♂), $76.03{\pm}22.98ml/kg/h$ (♀)] Vd [$257.74{\pm}180.47ml/kg$ (♂), $92.33{\pm}23.62$ (♀)] AUC [$25.6{\pm}4.44mgh/L$ (♂), $39.6{\pm}12.13mgh/l$ (♀)]. There were no statistical significance between both sexes for all the parameters at the confidence level of 95%. 4. After im administaration, the absorption from the injection sites was very rapid [ Ka:$0.18{\pm}0.03h^{-1}$ (♂), $0.24{\pm}0.02h^{-1}$ (♀)] followed by a monoexponential elimination fashion. The time to peak blood level (Tmax) were calculated $1.64{\pm}0.15hr$ and $1.34{\pm}0.24hr$, in the male and female, respectively. The peak levels (Cmax) at the corresponding time were $1.69{\pm}0.23{\mu}g/ml$ (♂) and $2.08{\pm}0.16{\mu}g/ml$ (♀), with no statistical differences (p>0.05).