Effects of sympathomimetics on motility in the longitudinal muscle of the cattle rumen

소(牛)의 제1위 종주근 운동성에 대한 교감신경계 약물의 효과

  • Lim, Hyung-ju (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Han, Ho-jae (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Han, Bang-keun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University)
  • 임형주 (전남대학교 수의과대학 생리학교실) ;
  • 한호재 (전남대학교 수의과대학 생리학교실) ;
  • 한방근 (전남대학교 수의과대학 생리학교실)
  • Received : 1994.07.23
  • Published : 1994.07.30

Abstract

Effects of catecholamines and the site of receptor of catecholamines were investigated in the longitudinal muscle of the rumen. In order to this experiment, specimens were obtained from 35 Korean Native Cattles, 2-3 years old, in the Kwang-ju area slaughterhouse. Longitudinal muscle strips of rumen were made from sample, and then measured the isometric contraction with physiograph in $37{^{\circ}C}$ organ bath. The results were summarized as follows. 1. 30% of all strips showed rhythmic contraction after short incubation time. 2. Relaxation produced by catecholamines in this preparations increased in a dose-dependant manner. 3. Isoproterenol(${\beta}$-agonist) caused relaxation, but phenylephrine(${\alpha}_1$-agonist) and xylazine(${\alpha}_2$-agonist) were unaffected. 4. The relaxation induced by epinephrine and norepinephrine were not affected by phentolamine(${\alpha}$-blocker) and prazosin(${\alpha}_1$-blocker), yohimbine(${\alpha}_2$-blocker). But propranolol(${\beta}$-antagonist) abolished the effect of catecholamines on relaxation. 5. It is concluded that catecholamines produced relaxation in the longitudinal muscle of rumen via the ${\beta}$-adrenoceptor.