Studies on Salmonella isolated from chicks

초생추 유래 Salmonella속균의 생물학적 특성

  • Oh, Gang-hee (Kyungpook Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Choi, Won-pil (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 오강희 (경상북도 가축위생시험소 북부지소) ;
  • 최원필 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1994.04.30
  • Published : 1994.07.30

Abstract

This paper deals with the distribution, reservoir and mode of spread of infection on 6 hatcheries in Taegu, Kyungpook and 5 broiler farms in Kyungpook during the period from June 1991 to June 1992. Isolated Salmonella were examined for serotypes, biotyping of Salmonella(S) typhimurtum, antibiotic susceptibility and some biochemical characteristics. Forty two Salmonella strains were isolated from 42(2.7% of 1,577 caecal samples of chicks, and their serotypes were S typhimurium 10, S typhimurium var Copenhagen 5, S infantis 4, S thompson 3, and untypable 20. The isolation rate of Salmonella varied from 0 to 5.1% in 6 hatcheries and that of Salmonella from 5 broiler farms was 10. 5%. Biotypes of 10 S typhimurium and 5 S typhimurium var Copenhagen strains isolated from chicks of hatcheries and broiler farms were biotype 2(86.6%), 8(6.7%), and 10a(6.7%), and 26i(6.7%) according to Duguid's scheme. Antibiotic susceptibility test of Salmonella isolated were performed by agar dilution method, using 9 antibiotics as follows: ampicillin(Am), chloramphenicol(Cm), gentamicin(Gm), kanamycin(Km), nalidixic acid(Na), rifampicin(Rf), streptomycin(Sm), sulfadimethoxine(Su), and tetracycline(Tc), All the strains were sensitive to RF. But 8 strans(23.8%) were resistant to one or more drugs and the most common resistance patterns of transferred R plasmids were SmSuGm and SmSu. Among 42 isolates, one had transferable citrate utilizing plasmid. S typhimurium and S typhimurium var copenhagen strains were resistant to killing by 90% normal guinea pig serum.