Study on the pathogenesis of canine herpesvirus infection I. Histopathological and electron microscopical observation

Canine herpesvirus 감염증의 병리발생에 관한 연구 I. 병리조직학적 및 전자현미경적 관찰

  • Seo, Il-bok (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lim, Chang-hyeong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 서일복 (서울대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 임창형 (서울대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1994.07.07
  • Published : 1994.07.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the pathogenesis of canine herpesvirus(CHV) infection in dogs. The 17 puppies, one day old, delivered from CHV seronegative 3 dams were divided into two groups. The 13 puppies were inoculated intranasally with 1ml of CHV-KK inoculum($5{\times}10^{5.6}TCID_{50}/ml$) and 4 puppies were served as control. And then the puppies were sacrificed at 2, 4, 6 and 7 days after the treatment, and collected blood, nasal mucosa, trigeminal nerve, trigeminal ganglion, bone marrow, eye, brain and other major organs. These organs were examined histopathologically and electron microscopically. The platelets of puppies infected with CHV were dramatically decreased because of the damages of vascular endothelial cells. Histopathologically, necrotizing vasculitis and neuritis were proceeded the generalized focal necrosis of all organs. Necrotic changes in trigeminal ganglion, trigeminal nerve and ventroposteriomedial nucleus of thalamus were observed in 4 puppies infected with CHV. Herpesviral particles, various forms of maturation, were observed in endothelial cells of the alveolar capillary and hepatic sinusoid with electron microscopy. These results suggest that the generalized focal necrcsis of all organs including brain and eyes in canine herpesvirus infection were resulted from generalized vasculitis, and also the hemonecrotizing meningoencephalitis was related to the necrosis of trigeminal nerve pathway.